Term Definition
old order The Old Order Movement, a conservative late 19th century Christian movement among the Amish and other Anabaptist groups.
king louis XVI Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the French Revolution, after which the victors renamed him Citizen Louis Capet during the final weeks of his life
marie-antoinette Marie Antoinette was the last Queen of France before the French Revolution.
first estate small, privileged class made up of roman catholic clergy in france
second estate the class in france that was made up of the nobility
third estate the class of 97% of france , made up of the bourgeoisie, artisans, merchants, and peasants
bourgeoisie The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean: originally and generally
sansculottes a lower-class Parisian republican in the French Revolution.
declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, passed by France's National Constituent Assembly in August 1789, is an important document of the French Revolution and in the history of human and civil rights
radicals a person who advocates thorough or complete political or social reform; a member of a political party or part of a party pursuing such aims
maximilien robespierre Maximilien Francois Marie Isidore de Robespierre was a French lawyer and politician, one of the best known and most influential figures associated with the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror.
guillotine A guillotine is an apparatus designed for efficiently carrying out executions by beheading.
counterrevolution a revolution opposing a former one or reversing its results.
reign of terror The Reign of Terror or The Terror is the label given by some historians to a period during the French Revolution after the First French Republic was established
napoleon bonaparte Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte was the President of France
admiral horatio nelson Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronte, KB was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy.
coup d'etat A coup d'etat, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow,
plebiscite A referendum is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal
continental system The Continental System or Continental Blockade was the foreign policy of Napoleon I of France in his struggle against Great Britain during the Napoleonic Wars
nationalism Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by promoting the interests of a particular nation
czar alexander I Alexander I reigned as Emperor of Russia from 23 March 1801 to 1 December 1825
hundred days The Hundred Days marked the period between Napoleon's return from exile on the island of Elba to Paris
duke of wellington Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, KG, GCB, GCH, PC, FRS was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman who was one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain.
indemnity Indemnity is when one party promises to compensate the loss occurred to the other party, due to the act of the promisor or any other party.
charles maurice de talleyrand Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord, Prince of Benevento, then Prince of Talleyrand, was a laicized French bishop, politician, and diplomat.
prince klemens von metternich Klemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar, Prince von Metternich-Winneburg zu Beilstein was a German diplomat and statesman and one of the most important of his era
reactionary opposing political or social liberalization or reform.

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