Question Answer
Maryland also known as Mary's Land- # of establishment and geographical region #4Southern Colony
Maryland- founderWhy it was founded Cecil Calvert "Lord Baltimore"founded for religious freedom for people, especially the CatholicsAt one point it was a refuge for Catholics (i.e. shelter)
Maryland- Major industries Major Cities Plantations/Agriculture (i.e. corn, wheat)BaltimoreAnnapolis
Maryland- Naming Its name came from King Charles l of England who named Maryland after his wife, Queen Henrietta Maria (i.e. Mary's Land)
New Hampshire- # of establishmentGeographical Region #7New England Colony
New Hampshire- Founder Why it was founded Captain John Smith and John WheelwrightFounded for profit from fur trade and fishing.
New Hampshire- Major industriesmajor cities small farms/agriculture (i.e. potatoes, fishing)manufacturing (i.e. shipbuilding)Concord, Exeter, and Dover
New Hampshire- Naming Named after the English county of Hampshire
Connecticut originally called New Haven- # of establishmentGeographical region #6New England Colony
Connecticut- Founder & Where he/she came fromWhy it was founded Thomas Hooker came from Massachusetts baygood and fertile land for farming (i.e. agriculture), Political Freedom, religious freedom, and unhappy with how Massachusetts was ran
Connecticut- Major industries Major cities small agriculture (i.e. corn, wheat, fishing)alcohol refineries (i.e. rum exports)New Haven, Hartford, Windsor, and Wethersfield
Connecticut- Naming Named after an American Indian Tribe whose phrase meant "river whose water is driven by tides or winds."
Rhode Island- # of establishmentGeographical Region #5New England Colony
Rhode Island- Founders & Where they came fromWhy it was founded Roger Williams and Anne HutchinsonAnne Hutchinson was banished for her belief in women's rightsBoth originally from Massachusetts BayFounded for religious freedom
Rhode Island- Major industriesMajor cities manufacturing (i.e. shipbuilding, timber, products, and textiles)Providence, Newport, Pawtucket, Warwick, Cranston, and Woonsocket
Rhode Island- Naming original Dutch name "Roodt Eylandt"
Delaware- # of establishmentGeographical region #8New England Colony
Delaware- FoundersWhy it was founded Peter Minuit and New Sweden Company founded for trade and profit (i.e. fur, coal, and iron) and selling land
Delaware- Major industriesMajor cities agriculture (i.e. grain, wheat) natural resources (i.e. indigo)Wilmington
Delaware- Naming Named after the Delaware river which was named after Sir Thomas West "Lord de la warr"
New Jersey- # of establishmentGeographical region #11Middle Colony
New Jersey- FounderWhy it was founded Lord Berkeley and Sir George CarteretFounded for profit from trade and selling land
New Jersey- Major industriesMajor cities agriculture (i.e. wheat, corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, barley, blueberries, oats, vegetables, fruit, and livestock) and iron, rice, wheat, and rocks were soldTrenton, and Princeton
New Jersey- Naming Named after the British island of Jersey
North Carolina- # of establishmentGeographical region #9Southern Colony
North Carolina- Founders Why it was founded founded by the Virginia colonists, known as the Lord Proprietors (aristocrats), and the Charter of Carolina. Founded for profit from trade and selling land
North Carolina- Major industriesMajor cities agriculture (i.e. plantations, tobacco, cotton, corn, grain vegetables, fruit)Raleigh
North Carolina- Naming named in honor Charles IX of France and then King Charles I and King Charles II of England
South Carolina- # of establishmentGeographical region #10Southern Colony
South Carolina- FounderWhy it was founded founded by the Virginia colonists, known as the Lord Proprietors (aristocrats), and the Charter of Carolina. This was funded by Charles llfounded for trade, farming, and land selling.
South Carolina- Major industries agriculture and trading (i.e. tobacco, cotton, corn, grains, fruits, vegetables)
South Carolina- TradingMajor cities able to fish, and get fish along with other marine life. The agriculture led to slavery, which made this colony have a high populated of slaves. traded for were resources like shoes, lace, thread, farm tools and dishes. Charleston
South Carolina- Naming The colony’s got their name Carolina from the Latin name Carolus, translated as "Charles" in honor of Charles IX of France and King Charles I and Charles II of England.
Pennsylvania- # of establishmentGeographical region #12Middle Colony
Pennsylvania- FounderWhy it was founded William Pennfounded for religious freedom for Quakers/”Society of Friends.” founded for trade and profit (i.e. plows, farmland) and selling land.
Pennsylvania- Major industriesMajor cities farming(i.e. Flax, hemp, livestock), textile(i.e. clothing), selling land, and papermakingLancaster, Philadelphia, and York.
Pennsylvania- Naming named after its founder, William Penn
Georgia- # of establishmentGeographical region #13Southern Colony
Georgia- FounderWhy it was founded James Oglethorpeto honor King George IIIsafe haven for debtors founded to be a buffer state between Spanish and Florida, and Georgia was known for a penal colony (lot of jails outside, and very hot.)
safe haven for debators (safe place for people owed a lot of money to the government.)
Georgia- Major industriesMajor cities plantation/agriculture (i.e. indigo, some rice, and sugar)Savannah
Georgia- Naming named after King George ll of England.
Virginia- # of establishmentGeographical region #1Southern Colony
Virginia- FounderWhy was it founded Captain John SmithThe London Company wished to find gold there and for the and for expansion of trade.
Virginia- Major industriesMajor Cities plantations and agriculture (i.e. harvesting tobacco) (i.e. Tobacco was a cash crop for Virginia)Jamestown, Williamsburg, and Richmond
Virginia- Naming named after Queen Elizabeth l. She is also known as “The Virgin Queen”.
New York- # of establishmentGeographical region #2Middle Colony
New York -FounderWhy was it founded The Duke of York and Peter Minuet (i.e. Dutch Settlers)trade and profits like animal furs (i.e opportunities for profit).
New York- Major industriesMajor Cities food producing and livestock (i.e. wheat, beef, pork, and corn, cotton, beans, squash). New York City, New Amsterdam and Albany.
New York- Naming New York got it's name from the Duke of York and Albany. (i.e. origionally named New Amsterdam)
Massachusetts (i.e. Plymouth)- # of establishmentGeographical region #3 (it was the second but becaused it deastablished it dosn't get credit.New England Colony
Massachusetts (i.e. Plymouth)-FounderWhy was it founded William Bradford and John Carverfreedom from religous persecution. (i.e. Separatist that broke away from the puritan church read about the New World)
Massachusetts (i.e. Plymouth) – Major industriesMajor Cities manufacturing (i.e. shipbuilding, lumbering, and breweries) and small farms/agriculture (i.e. corn and wheat). Plymouth
Massachusetts (i.e. Plymouth)- Naming Massachesetts (i.e. plymouth) got it's name from the port that the Mayflower launched from, Port of Plymouth.
Massachusetts (i.e. Bay)- # of establishmentGeographical region #3New England Colony
Massachusetts (i.e. Bay)-FounderWhy was it founded John Winthropfreedom from religous persecution.
Massachusetts (i.e. Bay) – Major industriesMajor Cities manufacturing (i.e. shipbuilding, lumbering, and breweries) and small farms/agriculture (i.e. corn and wheat). Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, and Concord.
Massachusetts (i.e. Bay)- Naming Massachusetts (i.e. Bay) got its name from the name of an Algonquian Tribe, meaning “At the Great Hill.” or “Large Hill Place”

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